How to set up Work in Progress (WIP) Cost Calculations for Planned Production in Agriculture

How to set up Work in Progress (WIP) Cost Calculations for Planned Production in Agriculture

How to set up Work in Progress (WIP) Cost Calculations for Planned Production in Agriculture 1920 1280 Zuzana Benešová

Accurate cost calculations are vital for any business, including agricultural enterprises. In Slovakia, adhering to the Slovak accounting standards is crucial to ensure financial transparency and compliance. Work in Progress (WIP) cost calculations in agriculture can be complex due to the nature of the industry. In this blog post, we will discuss how to set up WIP cost calculations for planned production in agriculture according to Slovak accounting standards. We will also delve into which items should be included in these calculations and why, as well as what to leave out.

Understanding Work in Progress (WIP)

Before we dive into the specifics of WIP cost calculations in agriculture, let’s first understand what WIP represents. Work in Progress refers to the value of goods or services that are in the production process but have not yet been completed or sold. In agriculture, this can include crops in various growth stages, livestock being raised, and other activities related to agricultural production.

§  Items to Include in WIP Cost Calculations

**Direct Costs**

These are the costs directly tied to the production process. In agriculture, they can include expenses such as seeds, fertilizers, pesticides, labour directly involved in planting, maintenance, and harvesting.

**Overhead Costs**

Overhead costs are indirect costs associated with production, such as utilities, rent for land, depreciation on machinery and equipment, and insurance. It’s essential to allocate a portion of these costs to WIP, as they are necessary for production.

*Livestock and Crop Costs**

For livestock, costs include feed, veterinary expenses, and housing. For crops, consider costs like irrigation, soil preparation, and pest control. These expenses are incurred throughout the production cycle.


Agricultural machinery and equipment depreciate over time. Including a portion of their depreciation in WIP is necessary to account for their usage in production.

**Interest Costs**

Interest on loans taken for agricultural purposes should be included, as it is a financial cost directly related to the production process.

**Direct Labour Costs**

Labour costs, especially when they are directly engaged in planting, cultivating, or harvesting, should be included.

**Cost of Quality Control**

Quality control measures, such as inspections, testing, and quality assurance, are vital in agriculture. Include the cost of these measures in WIP, as they contribute to the production process.

§  Items to Exclude from WIP Cost Calculations

**Sales and Marketing Costs**

Costs associated with marketing and selling agricultural products are not part of the production process and should not be included in WIP.

**General Administrative Expenses**

Typical administrative costs, such as office rent, office supplies, and employee salaries not directly involved in production, should be considered overhead and not allocated to WIP.

**Interest Costs Unrelated to Production**

Interest on loans for purposes unrelated to agriculture or production should not be part of WIP calculations.

**Costs of Acquiring Land**

The initial cost of purchasing land for agricultural purposes should not be included in WIP. Instead, it can be capitalized as a land asset.

**Costs of Non-Production Activities**

Costs incurred for activities that do not directly contribute to production, like training programs, unrelated research, or charitable contributions, should not be included in WIP.

Why Inclusion and Exclusion Matter

Accurate WIP cost calculations are essential for several reasons:

  • Financial Transparency

Inclusion and exclusion of the right items in WIP provide a clear picture of the true cost of agricultural production. This transparency is crucial for financial reporting and decision-making.

  • Compliance with Accounting Standards

Adhering to Slovak accounting standards ensures legal compliance and prevents potential issues with regulatory authorities.

  • Cost Control

WIP calculations help farmers identify where costs are being incurred and take necessary steps to control and optimize those costs.

  • Pricing and Profitability Analysis

Accurate cost data enables farmers to set competitive prices and evaluate the profitability of different crops or livestock. This information is invaluable for strategic planning.

  • Loan Applications

When applying for agricultural loans or grants, having a clear and accurate picture of WIP costs is often a requirement.

  • Taxation

Accurate WIP calculations can affect tax liabilities. Proper accounting ensures you pay the right amount of tax and can take advantage of relevant tax incentives or deductions.


In agriculture, where production can span across seasons and involves various elements, setting up Work in Progress (WIP) cost calculations is critical. Following Slovak accounting standards is not just a matter of compliance; it’s a way to ensure financial transparency and effective cost control.

Including the right items in WIP, such as direct and indirect costs, labour, depreciation, and interest costs, helps provide an accurate picture of the true cost of production. On the other hand, excluding items unrelated to production, like sales and marketing expenses, administrative costs, and non-production activities, maintains the integrity of WIP calculations.

By carefully managing your WIP cost calculations, you can make informed decisions, plan for the future, and ensure the profitability and sustainability of your agricultural enterprise in Slovakia.

Still need a help with set up of calculations? We are here to help you.

Zuzana Benešová

Riaditeľka s dlhoročnými skúsenosťami v komplexnom riadení podnikov.

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